Top 5 Early Signs of Dementia

Knowing about the top 5 early signs of Dementia might just help you when it starts to affect a loved one.

According to World Health Organization an estimated 47 million people around the world are living with some type of dementia and is expected by some experts to have tripled by 2050.

There are many different types of dementia, and they each affect the brain in very different ways. This sometimes prevents early identification as each case is unique. 

Here are the top 5 signs to watch out for.

1. Memory loss.

There are different types of memory loss relating to dementia and other degenerative diseases. For example Alzheimer's memory loss relates to the brains ability to store memories, where other forms of dementia present every different types of memory loss. 

“Memory problems deserve [clinical] attention,” Smith says, “but they’re not always indicative of dementia.” Source:

2. Difficulty finding the right words 

Some patients in the early phase of dementia struggle to communicate their thoughts and find the right words. This can go as far as trying to explain something or express feelings surrounding a topic.

Aphasia;  trouble producing language or comprehending others is common in stroke victims and Alzheimer’s patients.

3. Mood Changes.

Some patients find aspects of their personality are amplified alongside more subtle mood changes which might cause a patient who is usually quite outgoing to become internalized due to a lack of concentration or memory lapses.

Mood changes are something family members pick up on way before any other symptoms occur. Some patients become overly sensitive, emotional or have a temper that is not common in their nature. Depression is another key sign of early dementia.

According to HealthyWay: ' mood changes' can be 'distressing, they’re often somewhat manageable through diet, exercise, and medication.'

4. Being repetitive

Repetition is a key indication in early dementia. Due to memory loss and general behavioral changes patients may repeat daily tasks, such as brushing their teeth, showering or in some cases patients have been know to collect items obsessively. 

Repetition often comes into speech with repeated questions in a conversation. 

5. A decline in sense of direction 

Sense of direction and spatial orientation are common to deteriorate in the onset of dementia. From failing to recognize familiar landmarks to forgetting well known directions and paths. Following step by step instructions and directions can also become an issue.


Hopefully these key signs will help you detect early signs of dementia in either yourself or a loved one and allow you time to seek professional advice and support.